For many residents of New York, summer means a much-needed trip to the local pool to cool down. However, unintentional drowning poses a very serious threat to both children as well as adults, and as a result the proper steps must be taken to ensure a safe and secure experience when spending the day swimming.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists a few of the factors associated with drowning risk. Alcohol consumption plays a significant role in drowning deaths due to the effect alcohol has on things like impulse control and coordination. Accordingly, of all fatalities that occur during recreational activities taking place in water, up to 70 percent entail alcohol use. Inadequate swimming ability also factors into incidents of drowning, as does lack of appropriate supervision by lifeguards and insufficient barriers to swimming pools, which can result in small children having access.
There are certain groups that seem to incur the greatest risk of being seriously injured or killed as a result of drowning. For kids aged one through four, drowning is a significant cause of death, coming in second only to congenital birth defects. Males also incur a higher risk of death via drowning, as do minority children from 5 to 14, who have a rate drowning that is three times greater than Caucasian children of the same age.
In order to reduce one’s risk of drowning, the Red Cross offers a few essential safety tips. Swimming lessons can greatly diminish one’s risk of drowning, as can proper supervision of small children when they are around water. Having first aid kits, life-preservers and other safety devices on hand is also essential in the event a drowning incident does occur.